National Centre of Competence in Research PlanetS
Gesellschaftsstrasse 6 | CH-3012 Bern | Switzerland
  Tel. +41 (0)31 631 32 39

Volatiles in the solar system

Introduction

Project Leader: Prof. Maria Schönbächler

This project addresses central questions regarding the origin and evolution of volatiles in planets. Understanding the presence or absence of volatiles at the different stages of planet formation is important because the volatiles significantly influence the predominant physical and chemical processes (e.g., mantle dynamics, magmatism, oxidation state, core formation) and thus shape the final state of a planet, including its atmosphere and habitability. We tackle these questions by applying sophisticated analytical techniques to extraterrestrial samples in the laboratory.

785px-Comet-Hale-Bopp-29-03-1997_hires_adj

Comet Hale-Bopp as it flies over the sky of Pazin in Istria, Croatia.

IDP

A typical “fluffy” chondritic porous interplanetary dust particle composed of nanometre-sized mineral grains and organic matter. (Credit: N. Spring)

 Sub-Projects

Volatiles in the solar nebula

Prof. Klaus Mezger

This project targets the following question: What is the dominant mechanism of volatile depletion in the solar nebula: incomplete condensation from the solar nebula or evaporation during high-temperature processing e.g., chondrule formation?

To this end, we analyze the abundances and isotopic compositions of volatile elements in different meteorites and their components.

Hydration of planetesimals

Prof. Klaus Mezger

This project addresses the question: When and how did aqueous alteration occur that is recorded by various meteorite groups (representative for planetesimals)?

To this end, we date hydration minerals in various meteorite groups.

Timing of volatile delivery to planets

Prof. Maria Schönbächler

This project addresses the question: What is the timing of volatile addition/loss in planetesimals and planets?

To this end, we determine the timing, composition and magnitude of late accretion to the terrestrial planets using high precision isotope measurements.

Volatiles of planetary interiors and their possible influence on the atmosphere

Dr. Henner Busemann

This project addresses the question: How did the volatiles in the interior of terrestrial planets and their atmospheres evolve and to what extent were primary volatiles from the original building blocks involved, or later delivered e.g., via comets and asteroids?

To this end, we measure noble gases in meteorites, interplanetary and cometary dust.

News

Team

Project Leader P2.7
 +41 44 633 82 28
PhD Student
+41 44 632 78 59
Senior Researcher
Associate
+41 44 632 46 43
Project Leader P1.3
Associate
+41 31 631 44 13
Research Associate (SNSF Ambizione Fellow)
Associate
+41 44 632 64 53
Project Leader P1.5
+41 31 631 87 89
PhD Student
+41 31 631 40 16
Project Leader P1.4
+41 44 632 37 92
PhD Student
+41 44 632 64 41
Senior Researcher
+41 31 631 87 61

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